Evacuations: 10 Logistics Tips for International Evacuations and Emergencies
If you have international operations or business travellers, then you need to read this article. Following years of experience and numerous practical tests, here are the top 10 logistics issues associated with international evacuations that determine the success εκκενωσεις βοθρων or failure of any evacuation plan due to international or transnational crisis.
This article will analyze and discuss the logistics considerations in order to assist planners and managers in developing the best possible and adaptive evacuation plans.
By the end of this article, you will immediately be able to add the priority logistics elements into existing plans or commence the process to create your own safety and security evacuation plan.
I have written, reviewed and implemented numerous evacuation plans over the years and have significant experience in what works and what invariably frustrates the evacuation operations unnecessarily.
Through this extensive theoretical and practical experience I will seek to distill the primary stages and priority tactile issues that must be considered or included in any plan to ensure a successful outcome.
Logistics relates to all the resources, cost, support and administration required to come together during an evacuation.
Accommodation requirements fall into three broad categories.
Private accommodation, as usually occupied by the traveller or expat in country.
Evacuation accommodation, such as the pre-identified and planned accommodation to be used in the event of an evacuation that may or may not be part of your existing/routine accommodation plan.
Ad-hoc accommodation, such as taking immediate refuge at a school, shelter, shopping complex or embassy as was necessitated by the sudden onset of events that forced personnel into non-planned accommodation options.
All required, and likely ad-hoc accommodation, needs to be both identified and documented in the plan.
These locations need to be independently documented in the appendices as a lift out guide/review and put into the continually updated evacuation mapping support tools.
By having each location as a lift out guide, they become more readily accessible in the event of an emergency, easily shared and updated between planners and traveler/expats and they may already be or become part of your routine accommodation plans within the area.
Muster areas, assembly points and channels for movement must be scripted where possible.
Emergency services and support must be evaluated and integrated into the plan.
Identification and mapping of relevant and proximal government and emergency services is required.
Ambulance, police, hospital, government shelters, embassies and the like constitute possible ad-hoc accommodation options, highly dependent on the nature of the threat, access, language and cultural elements.
Transportation choice for individual and group moves are required.
Private vehicles, buses, protected vehicles, government shuttles, military convoys and other options need to be considered during
the planning phase but also captured in the resources guide.
Redundant options, transfers, escorts, guides, drivers, spare parts, navigation, emergency stores, actions on, supplies, speed, traffic, road condition, luggage and first aid requirements should also be addressed in support of both static and mobile logistic options.
Much like the appropriateness of an evacuation plan, the logistics are dependent on planning and change management.
Vendors and support resources may appear to be ideal in isolation but fail on the day or time of activation because of poor planning, lack of understanding or over dependence on any one solution.